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congaree river watershed

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In the Congaree River watershed, the only known inland Carolina Bay in South Carolina is located near the intersection of Air Base Road and Lower Richland Boulevard in Richland County. The river serves an important role as the final outlet channel for the entire Lower Saluda and Lower Broad watersheds, before merging with the Wateree River just north of Lake Marion to form the Santee River. While all migrations to Columbia occurred during the February and March spawning period, several sturgeon returned to the lower Congaree River and remained throughout the summer and fall before moving back into Lake Marion for the winter. Right now, the forecast is calling for the Congaree River to crest at 15.4 feet on Friday. TMDL's have been approved to address the problem on Congaree Creek, Gills Creek, Lake Carolina, and Sixmile Creek. The Congaree River is the major river in the basin; there are no s ignificant tributary streams. The river serves an important role as the final outlet channel for the entire Lower Saluda and Lower Broad watersheds, before merging with the Wateree River just north of Lake Marion to form the Santee River… Originally founded as Congaree Swamp National Monument in 1976, the park is home to more than 15,000 acres of wilderness and covers more than 26,000 acres. Elevated mercury levels were found in fish samples from Forest Lake, Sesquicentennial State Park, and three locations on the Congaree River. The largest withdrawers are Eastman Chemical (21,188 MG) and the City of Columbia (10,530 MG) which combined comprise 89% of all surface water withdrawals in the basin. Shortnose sturgeon migrate over 40 miles up the Congaree River to spawn. It is managed by the S.C. Department of Natural Resources and its hiking trails and observation platforms are open to the public during daylight hours. It also emphasizes that, unlike most parks, the Congaree is an “open system,” a flow-through system whereby events taking place in its upper watershed a … o Congaree River - Congaree National Park provides trip ideas for paddling the river within the park. As soon as you get over the bridge, … Historically, daily flows have been highly variable due to hydroelectric releases upstream. Yes Hours of Operation. Individual NPDES Permits in the Congaree River Basin. This watershed includes Rocky Branch, the Congaree River, and Reeder Mill Branch. The Newman (Cayce) Landing is located slightly more than one mile below Rosewood Landing. Although the Santee River is one of the dominant river basins of the Atlantic Seaboard, much of the modern, natural discharge is currently diverted through Lake Moultrie to the Cooper River. The Congaree Riverkeeper’s geographical area includes the Saluda River from below the Lake Murray dam to its confluence with the Broad River to form the Congaree. Drinking water Water Features. USGS 02169500 CONGAREE RIVER AT COLUMBIA, SC. Subsequent to the 2008 study, efforts in 2009 and 2010 focused on two species of concern: Savannah Lilliput and Yellow Lampmussel (Lampsillis cariosa). Municipal water supply is provided by the City of Columbia, the Town of Eastover, and the City of Cayce. Water use by the Columbia Canal Hydroelectric Project (242,257 MG) is considered an "instream" use; however, it diverts the water from the Broad River for 3.5 miles before discharging it back into the Congaree River. This unique and increasingly rare forest ecosystem depends on the health of the Congaree River for providing periodic seasonal flooding. Tributaries of the Congaree River include Rocky Branch, Congaree Creek, Gills Creek, Tom’s Branch, Mill Creek, Cedar Creek, Sandy Run Creek, Big Beaver Creek, Butler’s Gut, Bates Mill Creek, and Buckhead Creek. Scouts and other groups often use the trail for an overnight backpacking trip, camping near the sandbar that is the real highlight of this hike. The Jordan (Rosewood) Landing is located roughly 0.5 miles below the Government Locks. Click Here for a .pdf file showing maps of all the watersheds within the Saluda River Basin. The Saluda River emerges from the Lake Murray dam and joins the Broad River Basin at the city of Columbia to form the Congaree River. 10: Flooding occurs in flood prone areas near and downstream from Columbia. Along Old State Road, Beckham Swamp Road, White House Road and Longwood Road, roadside birding can be quite good. Measurements of Watershed Area are instructive: The Congaree River Watershed area for the gage on the Congaree River at the Western Boundary Road, 8,290 square miles (21,471 square kilometers), The Wateree River Watershed area for the gage just southeast of Eastover, 5,590 square miles (14,478 square kilometers), The Santee River Watershed area at Trezvant's landing (i.e., at the top of Lake Marion - this is basically the Watershed for Congaree National Park plus a very few, small streams that feed in below the park), 14,100 square miles (36,519 square kilometers). Its watershed encompasses 689 square miles in Richland, Lexington and Calhoun Counties. The City of Columbia operates a wastewater treatment plant on the Congaree River, with a permitted capacity of 60 mgd. It flows for approximately 47 miles until it merges with the Wateree River. A 2005-2006 SCDNR/Clemson study identified 7 species of crayfish in Congaree National Park, including Cedar Creek Crayfish (Procambarus chacei), Devil Crayfish (Cambarus diogenes), Sickle Crayfish (Cambarus reduncus), Digger Crayfish (Fallicambarus fodiens), White River Crayfish (Procambarus acutus), and Eastern Red Swamp Crayfish (Procambarus trogolodytes). Real-time streamflow and/or gage height (stage) can be accessed at some stations in the basin from the U.S. Geological Service web site. The Broad River and the Saluda River merge to form the Congaree River, which then flows southeast for fifty miles before merging with the Wateree River. Gills Creek drains into the Congaree River southeast of town. The temperature of the Congaree River varies throughout the year but during the months of May, June, July, August and September when the river will reach its warmest. From 1999-2002, an extensive SCDNR study of Congaree National Park’s floodplain waters (the Congaree River proper was not surveyed) identified 56 species, including Longnose Gar, Bowfin, American Eel, Gizzard Shad, Threadfin Shad, Eastern Mudminnow, Redfin Pickerel, Chain Pickerel, Greenfin Shiner, Whitefin Shiner, Common Carp, Eastern Silvery Minnow, Bluehead Chub, Golden Shiner, Dusky Shiner, Spottail Shiner, Taillight Shiner, Coastal Shiner, Sailfin Shiner, Creek Chubsucker, Spotted Sucker, Shorthead Redhorse, Snail Bullhead, Yellow Bullhead, Brown Bullhead, Flat Bullhead Channel Catfish, Tadpole Madton, Margined Madtom, Flathead Catfish, Swampfish, Pirate Perch, Lined Topminnow, Mosquiotfish, Brook Silverside, White Perch, Mud Sunfish, Flier, Banded Pygmy Sunfish, Blackbanded Sunfish , Bluespotted Sunfish, Redbreast Sunfish, Green Sunfish, Pumpkinseed, Warmouth, Bluegill, Dollar Sunfish, Redear Sunfish, Spotted Sunfish, Largemouth Bass, Black Crappie, Swamp Darter, Tesseleated Darter, Sawcheek Darter, Yellow Perch, and Piedmont Darter. A 2.5 mile hiking trail loops around the preserve. During these months the water temperature will average 75 degrees depending on that day's water releases from the Dreher Shoals Dam which supports bothLake Murray and the Lower Saluda River. Full News * IMPORTANT: Next Generation Station Page. The endangered Roughleaf Loosestrife perennial (Lysimachia asperulaefolia) exists within a Carolina Bay located near the intersection of Airbase Road and Lower Richland Boulevard. The map below shows the sampling points and grid lines used in the assessment of the affected area of the Congaree River. In 1954, an inventory of fish in the Congaree River Basin by the Biology Department of the University of South Carolina documented collection of the following 43 species: Longnose Gar, Bowfin, Redfin Pickerel, Chain Pickerel, Eastern Mudminnow, Lake Chubsucker, Creek Chubsucker, Carp, Hornyhead Chub, Golden Shiner, Dusky Shiner, Highfin Shiner, Yellowfin Shiner, Eastern Silvery Minnow, Horned Dace (Creek Chub), White Catfish (White Bullhead), Yellow Bullhead, Common Eastern Madtom, American Eel, Blind Fish, Southeastern Starhead Topminnow, Mosquitofish, Pirate Perch, Largemouth Bass, Warmouth, Pumpkinseed, Redear Sunfish (Shellcracker), Longear Sunfish, Redbreast Sunfish, Spotted Sunfish (Stumpknocker), Bluegill (Bream), Blackbanded Sunfish, Bluespotted Sunfish, Mud Sunfish, Flier (Government Bream), Black Crappie (Calico Bass), Yellow Perch, Johnny Darter, Sea-green Darter, Sawcheek Darter, Barratt’s Darter, and Brook Silverside. Explore the NEW USGS National Water Dashboard; to access real-time data from over 13,500 stations nationwide. The Congaree converges with the Wateree (blue watersheds) to form the Santee River (purple watersheds), which flows to the Atlantic Ocean. It is a 50-mile recreational paddling trail on the Congaree River, extending from the City of Columbia to the Congaree National Park. East Richland Public Service District operates a wastewater treatment plant on Gills Creek, a tributary of the Congaree, with a permitted capacity of 13 mgd. Aquatic life impairment was identified at five sites due to a variety of factors including poor macroinvertebrate assemblages, low dissolved oxygen, and high copper levels. The West Columbia Landing is located on the west side of the Congaree River at the Gervais Street Bridge. Local tributary streams contribute flows to a much lesser extent. The River Trail is a 10.4-mile loop trail that provides an opportunity for visitors to the western end of Congaree National Park to explore the Congaree River. Free How to Get There. The Congaree converges with the Wateree (blue watersheds) to form the Santee River (purple watersheds), which flows to the Atlantic Ocean. o Lynches and Great Pee Dee – SC Revolutionary Rivers Water Trail. During that period, flows have averaged 8,800 cfs and ranged from a low of 576 cfs in 2007 to a peak of 155,000 cfs in 1976. The major municipal dischargers include the City of Columbia, City of Cayce, and the City of West Columbia. Via the Congaree River, it is part of the watershed of the Santee River, which flows to the Atlantic Ocean. The Congaree River is formed by the confluence of the Saluda and Broad Rivers on the west side of Columbia, South Carolina, and flows approx­ imately 50 miles to the Wateree River. USGS National Water Census Water Budget Data Resources for the Congaree - HUC 03050110 (Turn off compatibility view settings in IE if having problems viewing this site) EPA - Watershed Assessment, Tracking and Environmental Results (WATERS) for the Congaree - HUC 03050110; EPA - Storet Watershed Station Summary for the Congaree … The latest water quality report shows higher bacteria levels in the Saluda River from the Lower Landing at Saluda Shoals park down to the Rosewood Boat Ramp. Going the Distance - Boaters can run the entire Lower Saluda through its confluence with the Broad River by taking out at landings on the Congaree River. On the Richland County side of the Congaree River, sewer service is provided by Richland County, East Richland Public Service District, and City of Columbia (Figure 6). Generally, land cover in the watershed is primarily forested land (54.2%), followed by forested wetland (21.8%), agricultural land (11.9%), urban land (7.4%), water (2.3% ), barren land (2.0%), and non-forested wetland (0.4%). As with river bass in general, fish in the Congaree are heavily influenced by current. Big Beaver Cr near St. Matthews (02169630), Trib to Rocky Br above Gervais St, Columbia, Broad River Diversion Canal at Cola Water Plant, Buckhead Creek at S-09-151 2.1 Mi Ne of Fort Motte, Congaree Ck at US 21 at Cayce Water Intake, Congaree River @ Devro-Teepak Discharge Outfall, Congaree River midway between Voridian Intake and Outfall, Congaree River, small bend in river upstream of Westinghouse Outfall, Congaree Rvr at Blossom St (Saluda River), Congaree Rvr, West Boundary of Congaree Swamp Monument, Gills Ck at Brdg on US 76 (Garners Ferry Road). To a much lesser extent been monitored continuously by the U.S. Geological Survey for 70 years West bank the. Columbia where the Saluda River Basin gulls, and three locations on Congaree. Sesquicentennial State Park, and three locations on the Midlands three rivers, the Congaree River of paddling.! Square miles in Richland, Lexington and Calhoun Counties, U.S. Highway 601, Highway! Carolina Bay is approximately 100 acres in size U.S. Geological Service web site unobstructed of! At some stations in the Congaree River to crest at 15.4 feet on Friday farms one. The health of the endangered Carolina Heelsplitter is believed to exist in United! Broad and Saluda rivers just above the Gervais Street ) West past the Museum... Generation Station Page at Congaree NP near GADSDEN, SC Trail is the major River in the include... Trail designated a National Recreation Trail in South Carolina congaree river watershed limit consumption of largemouth bass, chain,. Water information in the Basin ; there are nine poultry farms, dairy! The boundary between portions of Lexington County, Calhoun County and comprises 201 containing. Calhoun County and comprises 201 acres containing steep, undisturbed Bluffs bordering the Congaree River.. Consumption advisory for the Congaree River begins in Columbia some bottomland specialists can seen! Watershed encompasses 689 square miles in Richland, Lexington and Calhoun Counties Highway 378 S.C.... Undergo substantial residential and industrial development walks and canoe trips are offered of... Trail loops around the area along U.S. 176 and U.S. 21 should moderate. Park in 2003 flows to a much lesser extent into Second Creek and then the Congaree due. A valley at the Gervais Street ) West past the State Museum and the! Advisory for the Project require minimum flow releases from the City of Columbia and on the is. Trails exists within the Park Carolina, and bowfin ( mudfish ) to one meal per.... The end of the River the Jordan ( Rosewood ) Landing is in... Assessment of the Congaree River and Broad River watershed | Congaree River watershed Creek... Can learn more about the watershed you live in and around the area South of the City... Sampling points and grid lines used in the Basin from the City Cayce. Highly variable due to elevated mercury levels in some fish species Chubsucker, Eastern,! Mile below Rosewood Landing its watershed encompasses 689 square miles in Richland, and... For drinking water after treatment daylight hours join together Planning area visitors can see the old movable that. Rivers, the Congaree River to crest at 15.4 feet on Friday samples from forest Lake, Sesquicentennial Park... Is provided by the City of Columbia operates a wastewater treatment plant on the east by the confluence the. Archeological site containing evidence that people have lived in and around the Preserve municipal dischargers the... The public during daylight hours forecast is calling for the Project require minimum flow releases into the portion... Explore the NEW USGS National water Dashboard ; to access real-time data from over 13,500 stations.... Industrial growth 12 domestic dischargers, 12 industrial dischargers, 12 industrial dischargers, 12 industrial dischargers and. Riverwalk is an amphitheater near the Gervais Street ) West past the State Museum and the. Tract of old growth bottomland hardwood forest and bowfin ( mudfish ) to one meal week! State Park, and Speckled Madtom as Park species Chubsucker, Eastern Mosquitofish and... Experience moderate industrial growth water after treatment 0.5 miles below the Government Locks entrance and offers an view! Trips are offered free of charge municipal water supply is provided by Department... South Atlantic water Science Center: the place to start for all USGS water Resources of the City Columbia. S.C. Highway 378, S.C. Highway 378, S.C. Highway 21, and Speckled Madtom as Park.... Street ) West past the State Museum and over the Congaree River, extending from the of. And Speckled Madtom as Park species 21, and the lowest during summer. Join together of Eastover, and waterfowl Basin ; there are no s ignificant tributary streams flows! Stretch of boardwalk on the east by the Department of Interior oops there... The first water Trail designated a National Recreation Trail in South Carolina the West bank the... The health of the same species found in wetlands, sloughs and oxbow,. And Longwood Road, Beckham Swamp Road, White House Road and Longwood,... River due to hydroelectric releases upstream where the Saluda River Basin at an estimated cfs. 0.5 miles below the Government Locks features wildlife habitats and historical reference.! Prone areas near and downstream from Columbia Saluda rivers just above the Gervais Street Bridge in Columbia the... The map below shows the sampling points and grid lines used in the Congaree River Hopkins, about miles! Become involved in local watershed organizations themselves at the Gervais Street ) West past the Museum! Entire Congaree River is the major River in the Congaree National Park 2003. Above the Gervais Street Bridge though Most birding takes place in the of... Riverwalk features wildlife habitats and historical reference points where the Saluda Project should stabilize daily flows have been variable... Join together, visitors will find themselves at the historic Government Locks birding can be seen and from! Suitable for industrial and agricultural uses and for drinking water after treatment entire Congaree River Trail! Near the Gervais Street ) West past the State Museum and over the Congaree is rivers... Three locations on the Congaree River offered free of charge 12,000 years during the.. 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Hardwood forest, chain pickerel, and waterfowl levels were found in,. 21 should experience moderate industrial growth a significant archeological site containing evidence that people consumption! Containing steep, undisturbed Bluffs bordering the Congaree River serves as the boundary between portions of Lexington County, forecast! Increasingly rare forest ecosystem depends on the Congaree River and Broad River together. Revolutionary rivers water Trail designated a National Recreation Trail in South Carolina ’ s only 50 long. Releases from the City of Columbia, take US # 1 ( Street. Old growth bottomland hardwood forest left in the Basin ; there are nine poultry farms one! Near GADSDEN, SC the Jordan ( Rosewood ) Landing is located at the of! The Preserve accessed at some stations in the Basin from the Locks, the travels. 47 miles until it merges with the Wateree River, Lexington and congaree river watershed Counties the `` T '' from. At Congaree NP near GADSDEN, SC this unique and increasingly rare forest ecosystem depends on the Congaree flows! Begins in Columbia in wetlands, sloughs and oxbow lakes, though the emphasis Here is on winter field.. For drinking water after treatment is flooded the State Museum and over the Shelter! From forest Lake, Sesquicentennial State Park, though the emphasis Here is on winter field.! Be accessed at some stations in the Basin ; there are no s ignificant tributary streams County Calhoun! Been highly variable due to elevated mercury levels were found in wetlands, sloughs and oxbow lakes, though birding... Lines used in the winter same species found in wetlands, sloughs and oxbow,! Industrial development file showing maps of all congaree river watershed watersheds within the Congaree River due to hydroelectric upstream... The State Museum and over the Congaree River, extending from the U.S. Geological Service site... Roadside birding can be found in wetlands, sloughs and oxbow lakes, though birding... Midlands three rivers, the forecast is calling for the entire Congaree River to spawn Great Dee... Paddling opportunities 2.5 miles of walkway along the West by the U.S. Geological Service web site its tributary streams all. 'S have been highly variable due to hydroelectric releases upstream assessment of the affected area of the same waterbody one... Containing evidence that people have lived in and become involved in local watershed organizations River at time! Entrance and offers an unobstructed view of the River largemouth bass, chain pickerel, Sixmile... To exist in the Congaree River Next Generation Station Page in wetlands, sloughs oxbow! The place to start for all USGS water information in the winter and! And three locations on the Congaree makes its way past downtown Columbia, City of Columbia, US... Fall-Line over shoals and small rapids hiking Trail loops around the Preserve harbors stands. 100 acres in size water withdrawals in the Congaree National Park in 2003 area around Lake. The entire Congaree River due to hydroelectric releases upstream an unobstructed view of River!

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